If you want to compare two nouns in English, you need to know the comparative form for adjectives.

For adjectives that are 1 syllable

Add -er to the end of the adjective + than

Tall – She is taller than her brother.
Short – He is shorter than his sister.

*For adjectives that ends with consonant-vowel-consonantyou usually need to double the last consonant before the -er.
Hot – In general, Florida is hotter than Vermont.
FatThe cat is much fatter than the dog.

For adjectives that are 2+ syllables (not ending in -y)

Use more /less + adjective + than

Crowded – The bus is more crowded than the cable car.
Boring – The math teacher is less boring than the gym teacher.

For adjectives that are 2 syllables ending in -y

Change the -y to -i and add -er to the end of the adjective + than

Happy – The man looks happier than his wife.
Lucky – They are luckier than their friends.

*Of course, there are exceptions to every rule! Be careful of adjectives that take an irregular form in the comparative. Here are some examples below.

Fun – use more – It is more fun to play games than to take tests.
Narrow- add -er – The tunnel is narrower than the train.

Comparing two things that are equivalent?

Use as +adjective + as

Tall – He is as tall as his father.
Intelligent – The man is as intelligent as a doorknob.
Fun – The second class was as fun as first class.



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