Describes having a high opinion of one’s own abilities, looks, or self-worth. Similar to arrogant.

Example: The girl was so vain. Every time she passed a reflection of herself in the mirror she had to stop and admire it.

(Do something) in vain

Means to not succeed in accomplishing the intended outcome of an action.

Example: The children worked in vain to build a higher wall around their sand castle on the beach. They were too close to the rising water.

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