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If3

What are Conditionals?

These are If sentences that show a possible or likely cause and effect.

The Third Conditional

This shows something that is impossible, because it refers to things that already happened in the past. It is for a wish that didn’t come true, or a regret about something that did happen.

If + subject + had + past participle (+object), (then) subject + would have + past participle (+object)

  • If I had called her last night, she would have waited for me.
  • If I hadn’t eaten all my candy at once, I wouldn’t have gotten so sick. 

You can also switch the clauses and take out the comma.

  • She would have waited for me if I had called her last night.
  • I wouldn’t have gotten so sick if I hadn’t eaten all my candy at once.

Making a Question:

If + subject + had + past participle (+object), would + subject + have + past participle (+object)

  • If I had called her last night, would she have waited for me?
  • If I hadn’t eaten all my candy at once, would I have gotten so sick?

You can also switch the clauses and take out the comma.

  • Would she have waited for me if I had called her last night?
  • Would I have gotten so sick if I hadn’t eaten all my candy at once?

Questions? Ask in the Contact Form or book a class with me to practice!